While often described as the fourth state of matter, plasma is actually a gas. Unlike ordinary neutral gases though, plasma is made up of positively charged and ionized molecules which are able to roam freely and fast. Plasma gas is able to do things that ordinary gases simply cannot do, such as conduct electricity, create magnetic fields and enable electrostatic interactions. Plasma gases exhibit coherent, collective qualities that neutral gases don't and this makes them dynamic yet controllable.
Through our Plasma Pen, the nitrogen plasma energy we create transfers rapidly to the skins epidermal layer, whilst simultaneously heating and disrupting the deeper dermal structure via thermal conduction. We can sustain our nitrogen plasma discharge for as long as we like thanks both to our continuous AC power source and our devices fingertip, on-demand control.
3-7 Days: "Neoepithelialisation" (the formation of new epithelial tissue) becomes visible as tiny carbon crusts which desquamate (flake off) within the framework of aftercare. This occurs rapidly after a Plasma Pen treatment and is usually complete 3 to 7 days post-procedure. These carbon crusts serve as a natural and protective biological dressing and will flake off naturally as the newly formed and rejuvenated "neoepidermis" appears.
1-12 Weeks: Plasma Pen is the gift that keeps giving because, parallel to the rapid formation of new epithelial tissue (which constitutes the superficial healing process), our nitrogen plasma treatment initiates a comprehensive healing response over the coming 12 weeks. This healing process is best characterised by extensive dermal remodelling that includes neocollagenesis (new collagen synthesis), neoelastogenesis (the production of elastin), cross-linking between the collagen and elastin fibrils (the alignment and cross linking of collagen and elastin strengthens, plumps, inflates and lifts the structure of the skin above over a sustained period of time) and the reversal of elastotic change (the premature degeneration of dermal elastic tissue). The inflammatory response which occurs during the healing process we stimulate also activates "M2 Macrophages". These are white blood cells that engulf and digest cellular debris and decrease the inflammation we cause. We also stimulate the migration of "basal keratinocytes" from the basal layer of the skin to the surface and they help fill in the gaps created by the micro-trauma we create.
12 Weeks- 3 Years: Many other exciting things happen including "neovascularisation" which is the formation of new blood vessels and the release of growth factors. These growth factors include "cytokines" - small proteins important in cell signaling that help modulate our immune response, our cell ageing and the repair and growth of new cells.
All the positive changes we make with our device underpin future tissue stability (homeostasis) and help prevent/mitigate/slow down many of future negative effects caused by the ageing process.
Results: The treated area is visibly smoother, the skin is plump and rejuvenated. Any acne scarring is smoothed and more polished looking. Fine lines and deeper lines are ironed out.